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 Laboratories

      The laboratory of Chemical and Petroleum Products is one of SASO's laboratories that was established to provide inspection and testing in order to ensure conformity of commodities to Saudi Standards. It conducts a set of tests in this area.

Laboratory of Chemical and Petroleum Products Units:- 
First: Chemical Elements Determination Unit
      Chemical Elements Determination Unit, at the Chemical and Petroleum Products Laboratory, provides distinctive services in the field of chemical analysis of various types of samples. It holds the latest advanced technology from the largest companies in the world. In addition, it has an experienced team with extensive experience in the field of analysis and interpretation of readings and results. The laboratory has received ISO IEC 17025: 2017 certificate for laboratories in water quality. The unit is working to expand the scope of accreditation to include other products.

      Chemical Elements Determination Unit has all the equipment and technologies, that enable it to conduct analysis at very low concentrations down to the PPT level of some elements and with high reliability, such as:
  • - Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP).
  • - Ion Chromatography (IC).
  • - Ion chromatography (IC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS).
  • - Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS).
  • - Mercury Analyzer.
  • - pH Meter.
  • - Conductivity Meter.

      It analyzes water samples including anions and cations, heavy and rare elements. It also conducts analysis of chemical and physical properties of water; pH, electrical conductivity, and total dissolved salts in water.

      Analysis also includes samples of toys to detect toxins and heavy metals, in addition to school tools such as pencils and other samples.

Second: Chromatographic Separation Unit
      The Chromatographic Analysis Unit is one of the main pillars in the separation and identification of compounds, which cannot be separated by ordinary methods, in addition to the estimation of the percentage of concentration in a variety of products. It separates, identifies, and estimates components of a sample. The separation is done through the distribution of the sample between two different phases.

      The unit contains a modern and high accuracy apparatus to determine the suitability of the product for use. The suitability is assed in terms of conformity with the standard and depends on methods of testing, newly issued standards, and human competencies that have a scientific qualification and a highly trained.

      The unit also includes a number of apparatus that help ensure that products conform with standards:
  • - Gas Chromatography Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID).
  • - Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS).
  • - High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).

      It conducts tests on synthetic detergents and estimates organic, volatile, and semi-volatile compounds in children's toys, textiles, shoes and many other products. It tests whether these products conform with the standard or not. The unit will soon seek ISO 17025 laboratory certification in its tests. It also attempts to provide an LC / MSMS device to expand the unit's testing field. 

Third: Petroleum Testing Unit 
      Petroleum products testing services include many refined petroleum products and fuels such as gasoline, diesel, petrol, oils, cooling water and other products in order to protect these products from fraud and ensure conformity with national and international standards. The best national and international testing methods are used for verification. It has been accredited according to ISO 17025 quality standards for a number of tests. 

      The unit has highly trained and experienced staff which enables it to conduct tests with high reliability. 
 
      The unit also includes a number of apparatus that help ensure that products conform with standard:
  • - Apparatus to determine flash point. 
  • - Apparatus to determine pour point. 
  • - Apparatus to determine foaming characteristics. 
  • - Apparatus to measure sulfur. 
  • - Apparatus of automated distillation. 
  • - Apparatus to determine viscosity at 40˚C and 100˚C. 
  • - Apparatus to determine viscosity at low temperatures. 
  • - Apparatus to determine dropping point. 
  • - Apparatus to determine fire point. 

Fourth: Microbiological Testing Unit
      The Microbiological Unit, at the Chemical and Petroleum Products Laboratory, provides excellent services to ensure the safety, security, and suitability of products for human consumption. It also makes sure that products are free from microbes harmful to consumer health through laboratory testing. The unit has a distinguished staff with a long experience in this field.

      The unit also includes a number of apparatus that help to ensure that products conform with standards and they are suitable for human use:
  • -  Autoclave steam sterilizer
  • - Monitor and analyzer of drinking water quality
  • - Different temperatures incubators 
  • - Hot air oven
  • - Colony counter
  • - Stomacher
      It analyzes water samples; counts and detects all types of microbes required in the water standards, some food products, and other samples. 
The laboratory is in the process of being developed to be able to analyze types of non-food products that are of primary interest to the consumer.


List of products tested in the laboratory
Chemistry Lab:

​No.
​Product Type
​Test
​Standard No.
​Price
​Time Required for Testing
​Chromatographic Separation Unit



1
​ ​ ​ ​




​Dishwashing liquid
​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO
 2238/2012
​200



​5
working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​GSO 2238/2012
​200
​Determination of total
 active substance
​SASO
 719 / 1994
​420
​Rinse test
​SASO
 719 / 1994
​200
​pH
​SASO
 719 / 1994
​360







2
​ ​










​Liquid laundry bluing
​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
SASO 
2620 / 2006
​200





​7
working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​


​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​SASO
2620 / 2006
​200
​Detection of organic dyes
​SASO
2621 / 2006
​460
​ination of carbonates and bicarbonates
​SASO
2621 / 2006
​300
​Detection of sodium sulfate
​SASO
2621 / 2006
​500
​Remaining particles
 after sifting
​SASO  2621 / 2006
​300












3
​ ​













​Sodium hypochlorite (clothes chlorine bleach)
​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO
 802/2009
200​
​ ​ ​ ​










 ​ ​ ​
10
working 
days
​ ​
​Explanatory data
GSO
 802/2009​
200​
​Specific weight at
25º C
​GSO
 801/2009
​300
​pH
​GSO
 801/2009
​360
Free alkaline (sodium hydroxide % mass)

GSO
 801/2009​
200​
​Impurities and side products - sodium chlorate (g/L)
GSO
 801/2009​
450​
Impurities and side products - sediment or suspended materials

GSO
 801/2009​
200​
Available chlorine (sodium hypochlorite (g/L)

GSO
 801/2009​
​390
Determination of toxic 
elements (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, nickel, antimonyum, selenium)
​GSO
1845/2008
​340 /per element









​4

















​Washing powders
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO
 151 / 2007
​200








10
working
 days
​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​GSO
 151 / 2007
​200
Determination of moisture 
and volatile substances
​GSO
 510 / 2006
​500
​Determination of surface
active substances
​GSO 
510 / 2006
​420
​Determination of building substance
​GSO
 510 / 2006
​360
​Determination of effective oxygen content
​GSO
 510 / 2006
​360
​pH estimation
​GSO
 510 / 2006
​360
​Determination of total silicate percentage
​GSO
 510 / 2006
​300
​Determination of water properties (rinsing)
​GSO 
510 / 2006
​200












​5






















​Alkaline drain cleaner
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO
 805 / 2009
​200











10
working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
GSO
 805 / 2009​
​200
​Determination of
 granules size
​GSO
 804 / 2009
300​
​Determination of the size of aluminum parts
GSO
 804 / 2009​
300​
​High temperature
GSO 
804 / 2009​
300​
Measurement of
 foam height when
the detergent is dissolved in water
GSO 
804 / 2009​
​300
​Determination of the
content of aluminum parts
GSO
 804 / 2009​
​400
​Determination of mineral oil content
GSO 
804 / 2009​
​250
​Sodium hydroxide content
GSO
 804 / 2009​
​300
​Sodium nitrate
GSO
 804 / 2009​
360​
​Content of sodium
 chloride or sodium sulfate
​GSO
 804 / 2009
​200







​6







​Liquid synthetic cleaners for fabrics and clothing
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO 
2059 / 2010
​200





10
working 
days
​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​

​Explanatory data
​GSO
2059 / 2010
​200
​Total active substances
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​350
​Chloride
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​430
​Ionic substances
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​420
​pH
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​360
​Silicates
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​300
​Phosphate
​GSO
2060 / 2010
​480













​7














​Carpet cleaner
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​200












15
working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​
​Explanatory data
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​200
​Cleaner total active substance
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​270
​Determination of alkalinity
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​270
Determination of
detergent effect on the
back of the carpet
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​350
​Detection of
oxidizing and
reducing agents
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​360
​Detection of the bright fluorescein agent
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​250
​Color fastness test
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​470
​Cleaning power test
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​540
​Pollution rise test
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​300
​Cleaner's total active substance
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​200
​Determination of alkalinity
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​200
Determination of
detergent effect on the
back of the carpet
​GSO
 461 / 1994
​270







​8







​General purpose liquid antibacterial cleaners
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO 2618/2009
​200





10
working 
days

​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​SASO 2618/2009
​200
​Determination of
 solids content
​SASO 2619/2009
​400
​pH estimation
​SASO 2619/2009
​360
​Test for hard water
​SASO 2619/2009
​230
Consistency test at low temperature​​SASO 2619/2009
​300
​Antibacterial activity test
​SASO 2619/2009
​200
​Cleaning efficiency test
​SASO 2619/2009
​550




​9




​Laundry softener liquid
​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO GSO- 1897/2009
​200
​ ​ ​ 


​ ​
5
working
 days


​Explanatory data
​SASO GSO- 1897/2009
​200
​pH
​SASO GSO- 1897/2009
360​
​Determination of
total active substance
​ISO 2871-2:1990
420​
​Microbial counts
GSO 152
​200










10











​Liquid glass cleaner
​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO 1195/1998
200








​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​
10
working 
days



​Explanatory data
​SASO 1195/1998
​200
​Determination of
metallic surfaces corrosion 
​SASO 1194/1998
​400
​Determination of the
effect on plastics
​SASO 1194/1998
​350
​Determination of the
effect on paint
layer hardness
​SASO 1194/1998
​350
​Determination of flash point
​SASO 1194/1998
​350
​Determination of
stability of storage
​SASO 1194/1998
​300
​Performance test (cleaning effectiveness)
​SASO 1194/1998
​300











​11












​Synthetic detergents for kitchen
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO 2065/2009
​200










10
working
 days


​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​SASO 2065/2009
​200
​pH
​SASO 2065/2009
​360
​Equivalent content
 test for surface
active agent
​SASO 2066/2009
​420
​Confirmatory test
for fluorescent
brightening
​SASO 2066/2009
​250
​Methanol detection
​SASO 2066/2009
​480
​Testing the permissible
 limit of arsenic
​SASO 2066/2009
​340
​Testing the permissible
 limit of heavy metals
​SASO 2066/2009
​340 per/element
​Determination of
biological fracture
​SASO 2066/2009
​inapplicable
​Cleaning power test
​SASO 2066/2009
​540















​12
















​Children' toys
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​200













2
working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Determination of
 Diisononyl phthalate
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of Dibutyl Phthalate
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of Benzyl Butyl Phthalate
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of phenolic compounds
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of Bisphenol compound
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of acrylamide compound
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of
 Formaldehyde compound
​EN 71-11
​1040
​Determination of Methanol solvent
​EN 71-11
​210
​Determination of Ethanol solvent
​EN 71-11
​210
Determination of Toluene solvent​​EN 71-11
​210
​Determination of Ethyl benzene solvent
​EN 71-11
​210
​Determination of Oxaline solvent
​EN 71-11
​210
​Determination of Cyclohexanone solvent
​EN 71-11
​210








​13









Porous pens
(water color pencils - pens)
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​

​Virtual examination
​GSO 1197
​200







1
working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​GSO 1197
​-
​Determination of Methanol solvent
​EN 71-11
​210
​Determination of Ethanol solvent
​EN 71-11
​​210
​Determination of Toluene solvent
​EN 71-11
​​210
​Determination of Ethyl benzene solvent
​EN 71-11
​​210
​Determination of Oxaline solvent
​EN 71-11
​​210
Determination of Cyclohexanone solvent​​EN 71-11
​​210
Chemical Elements Determination Unit















​1
















Pencils
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO 1456
​200












5
working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​SASO 1456
​200
Measuring the dimensions of pencil and pencil's solid pigment core 
​SASO 1456
​200
​Testing pencil's solid pigment core detachment
​SASO 1456
​200
​Hardness test
​SASO 1456
​200
​Determination of Lead element 
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Chromium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Cadmium element 
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Antimony element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Arsenic element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Barium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Selenium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Mercury element
​EN 71-3
​340
























​2

























​Bottled water
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Determination of total dissolved solids (TDS)
​SASO
452-1989
​330
























​5
 working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​pH
​SASO
452-1989
​330
​Determination of Chloride content
​ISO 10304
​340
​Determination of Fluoride content
​ISO 10304
​390
​Determination of Bromate content
​ISO 10304
​500
​Determination of Nitrate content
​ISO 10304
​390
​Determination of Nitrite content
​ISO 10304
​390
​Determination of Sulfate content
​ISO 10304
​390
​Determination of hardness
​SASO
668-1996
​340
​Determination of Calcium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Magnesium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Potassium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Sodium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Lead element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Arsenic element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Barium element 
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Boron element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Cadmium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Chromium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Cobalt element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Copper element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Iron element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Manganese element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Molybdenum element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Nickel element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Phosphate element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Selenium element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Silver element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Zinc element
SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Vanadium element
​SASO ISO 11885-2007
​340
​Determination of Bicarbonate element
​GSO
1903-2009
​230










​3











​Children' toys
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​200









​5
 working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Determination of Lead element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Chromium element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of Cadmium element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of Antimony element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of Arsenic element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of Barium element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of selenium element
​EN 71-3
340
​Determination of Mercury element
​EN 71-3
340













4














​Colored pencils
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Virtual examination
​SASO 995
​200










​5
 working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​
​Explanatory data
​SASO 995
​200
​Hardness test
​SASO 995
​200
​Testing the stability of pencil's tip inside the pencil body
​SASO 995
​200
​Determination of Lead element
​EN 71-3
340​
​Determination of Chromium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Cadmium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Antimony element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Arsenic element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Barium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Selenium element
​EN 71-3
​340
​Determination of Mercury element
​EN 71-3
​340
Microbiological Testing Unit





1






​Bottled water and un-bottled water
​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Total count of bacteria
​GSO 378
​200



5
 working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Yeasts and molds count
​GSO 378
​200
​The most probable number of colon bacteria
​GSO 378
200
​Escherichia coli bacteria count
​GSO 378
250
​Detection of Pseudomonas bacteria 
​GSO 378
​200
​The most probable number of Coliform bacteria
​GSO 378
​200
​​Petroleum Testing Unit





​1









​Cooling water
​ ​ ​ ​

​Measurement of refractive index
​ASTM
D 1747
​150
​ ​ 

​ ​ ​ ​
10
 working 
days

​Density and specific weight
​ASTM
 D 4052
​300
​Determination boiling point
​SASO 994
​200
​Determination of pour point
​SASO 994
​200
​pH
​SASO 994
​330
​Determination of base reserve 
​SASO1777
​200
​Percentage of Ethylene Glycol
​SASO 994
​400








​2









​Lubricating oils for internal combustion engines
​ ​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​
Flash point (open cup)
​ASTM D 92
​200
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​







10
 working
 days

​Pour point
​ASTM D97
​200
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° C and
 100º C
​ASTM 
D 445
​400
​Viscosity index
​ASTM D2270
​50
​Determination of foam volume
​ASTM D 892
​350
​Total Base Number
​SASO 1777
​200
​Determination of Sulfur content
​ASTM D4294
​340
​Determination of Sulfated Ash
​ASTM D874
​340
​Determination of Conradson Carbon Residue
​SASO 1181
​300








​3












​Brake fluids
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Regular boiling point under an inverter capacitor
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​200







10
 working
 days
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Kinematic viscosity at 100 ° C
​ASTM 445
​200
​Viscosity at - 40º C
​ASTM D 2983
​200
​Fumigation
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​300
​Liquidity at -40 and 50 ° C
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​500
​Water endurance at -40 ° C
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​250
​Effect on rubber
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​250
​pH
​SASO-ISO- 7308
​330


​4




​Lubricating oils of cooling compressors
​ ​ ​
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° C
​ASTM D445
​200
​ ​ ​ ​

10
 working 
days

​Pour point
​ASTM D97
​200
​Flash point
​ASTM D92
​200
​Total acid number
​SASO 1731
​360





5​





Gear oil lubrication Normal gear
​ ​ ​ ​
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° C
and 100º C
​ASTM D445
​400



10
 working 
days
​ ​ ​ ​
​Viscosity index
​ASTM D2270
​50
​Foaming
​ASTM D892
​350
​Flash point
​ASTM D92
​200
​Pour point
​ASTM D97
​200







​6








​Hydraulic oils
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° C
and 100º C
​ASTM D445
​400
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​






10
 working
 days

​Viscosity index
​ASTM D2270
​50
​Pour point
​ASTM D97
​200
​Flash point
​ASTM D92
​200
​Determination of foam volume
​ASTM D892
​350
​Emulsification characteristics
​SASO 623
​270
​Density and specific weight
​ASTM D4052
​300








7










​White spirit
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Density at 25º C
​ASTM D4052
​300
​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​




10
 working 
days

​Distillation characteristics
​ASTM D 86
​400
​Pensky closed- cup flash point
​ASTM D56
​200
​Sulfur content
​ASTM D4294
​340
​Distillation of aromatics
​SASO 1932
​300
​Saybolt color test
​GSO 1203
​200
​Water amount (Karl Fischer)
ASTM d 1533
GSO1160
500
​Neutralization
​SASO 657
​400







​8












Automatic
transmission fluid
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Kinematic viscosity at 40 ° C
and 100º C
​ASTM D445
​400
​ ​ ​





 ​ ​
10
 working
 days
​ ​
​Viscosity index
​ASTM D2270
​50
​Flash and fire point
​ASTM D92
​200
Brookfield - 20
Brookfield - 30
Brookfield - 40
​ASTM D 2983
​600
​Foaming
​ASTM D892
​350
​Density at 15ºC
​ASTM D4052
​300
​Sulfur content
​ASTM D4294
​340




​9






​Fuel
​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Sulfur content
​ASTM D4294
​340
​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​


 ​ ​
10
 working
 days

​Cetane index
​ASTM .d 2699,2700
​200
​Distillation characteristics
​ASTM D86
​400
​Copper strip corrosion
​ASTM D130
​340
​Saybolt color
​GSO 1203
​200
​Octane number
​SASO 1060
​200




​10








​Lubricating grease
​ ​ ​
​Dropping point
​ASTM D2265
​350


5
 working 
days
​ ​ ​

​Penetration value
​SASO 1528
​200
​Oil Separation from lubricating grease
​ASTM . d 1742
​220
​Oxidation stability
​ASTM .d 942

​330
10/21/2019 1:58 PM