Laboratory of Chemical and Petroleum Products

​​​​​ 

 The laboratory of chemical and petroleum products is one of SASO's laboratories that was established to provide service and testing to ensure conformity of goods to Saudi Standards. It conducts a set of tests in this area.
 
Laboratory of Chemical and Petroleum Products Units :- 
 

First: Organic Chemistry Unit :- 

     The unit examines and analyzes the organic compounds in many materials such as:(cosmetics - air fresheners - food - organic compounds) 
 
The most important tests that are made in this unit :- 
1. Detection and estimation of the proportion of organic material 
2. Determination of fatty acids 
3. Determination of alcohols (ethanol and methanol )
 
The most important appliances used under this unit :-
1. Gas Chromatograph device, equipped with standard block CG MS detector 
2. Gas Chromatograph device, equipped with FID-ECD detectors 
  

Second: Radiation measurements Unit :- 

     The unit detects the radioactive isotopes and activities assessment in the following products:- 
1. Water 
2. Building Materials 

The most important appliances used under this unit :-
1. Gamma analyzer appliance 
2. Alpha analyzer appliance 
  

Third: Inorganic Chemistry unit :- 

The unit analyzes and determines elements in the following :- 
1. Drinking water 
2. Unfilled drinking water 
3. Detergents 
4. Aqueous solutions 
5. Fertilizers 
 
The most important tests that are made in this unit :- 
1. Determine of heavy elements 
2. Estimate the mineral elements 
3. Estimate the chemical and physical properties 
4. Classical tests 

 
The most important appliances used under this unit :-
1. PH appliance 
2. Incinerators 
3. Drying Ovens 
4. Atomic Absorption appliance ( AAS ) 
5. Chromatograph ionic appliance ( IC ) 


​Fourth: Petroleum products unit :- 

The unit examines and analyzes the following petroleum products :- 
o Engine Oils 
o Auto Transport Oils 
o Hydraulic Oils 
o Gear Oils 
o Industrial oils 
o Gasoline 
o Brake fluid 
o Cooling water
 
 
The most important tests that are made in this unit :- 
o Determination of viscosity at temperature of 40 C , 100 C 
o Determination of flash point 
o Determination of spill point 
o Determination of the properties of the foam 
o Determination of the number tie 
o Determination of fall point 
o Determination of penetration 
 
 
The most important tests that are made in this unit :- ​

o Apparatus of determine the flashing point. 

o Apparatus of determine the spilling point. 

o Apparatus of determine the specifications foam. 

o Apparatus of measurement of sulfur. 

o Apparatus of automated distillation. 

o Apparatus of determine the viscosity at 40 and 100 degrees. 

o Apparatus of determine the viscosity at low temperatures. 


o Apparatus of determine the fall point. 

o Apparatus of determine the degree of penetration. 

Fifth: Food Testing Unit :-


     The laboratory examines and analyzes different samples of food products (chemically, physically and microbiologically).​
 
 
1. Chemical Tests
 
The most important tests that are made in this unit :-
      o Determination of mineral and toxic elements
      o Determination of sugars
      o Detection of food additives
      o Determination of fats
      o Determination of protein
      o Determination of artificial colors
      o Detection of antibiotics in meat and poultry

 
The most important appliances used under this unit :-
      o Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (ICP)
      o High Performance (High Pressure) Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
      o Kjeldahl Apparatus
      o Soxhlet extractor
      o CHARM II

 
 2. Microbiological Tests​
 
     Microorganisms are organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye and require a microscope, including (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites).

The most important microorganisms are associated with food; some of which corrupt food and cause infection and poisoning for the consumer. The laboratory's most prominent functions are as follows :

  o Inspecting food samples and their products to ensure suitability for human consumption as well as being in compliance with certified specifications
  o Conducting periodic surveys on certain types of food to ensure their conformity with the specifications
  o Conducting  research and studies on the validity period of some food products

   The most important tests that are made in this unit :-
o Total count of bacteria. 
o Counting yeasts and molds. 
o Counting coliform group of  bacteria. 
o Counting  Escherichia coli bacteria.
o Counting Astavelocox aureus bacteria. 
o Detection of salmonella bacteria. 
o Detection of Sediminimonas bacteria. 

 
   The most important appliances used under this unit :-
o Incubators with temperature variation. 
o Optical microscopes.
o Water baths. 
o Colony-forming unit (CFU)
o Mixers. 
o UV lamp.

 
List of Products be Tested in the Laboratory​

No. Product Name Standard no. ​ Time Required for Testing

1

Bottled drinking water

2000 /409

10 days

2

unbolted drinking water

701/2000

10 days

3

Bottled natural mineral water

1541/1998

10 days

4

Salt

197/1992

10 days

5

Tea

275/1998

20 days

6

Ice for human consumption

712/1994

10 days

7

Black Pencils

1455/1998

7 days

8

Dishwashing liquid

720/1993

 12 days

9

Sodium hypochlorite solution

1054/1998

 10 days

10

Liquid Glass Cleaner

1195/1996

7 days

11

Hair Shampoo

724/1994

 10 days

12

Ornamental soap

493/1987

14 days

13

Liquid soap

1873/2000

10 days

14

 Washing powders for household use

510/1993

20 days

15

Shaving cream

1387/1998

14 days

16

Shaving Soap

1196/1998

10 days

17

white and black liquid disinfectants

1387/1998

10 days

18

Liquid carpet cleaner

828/1994

10 days

19

Alkaline sanitation cleaner

1057/1997

10 days

Organic Tests Unit :

 

NO.​ Product Name Standard no. ​ ​Time Required for Testing

20

Hair Cream

1504/1999( SASO)

10 days

1515/1999-Test methods

21

Skin cream

1512/1999 ( SASO)

10 days

1513/1999-Test methods

22

Toothpaste

802/1998( SASO)

10 days

801/1997-Test methods

23

Gum Powder

1750/2000( SASO)

10 days

1751/2000( SASO)

24

Perfumes

585/1990( SASO)

 10 days

25

Chemical depilatories

1744/2000( SASO)

10days

1745/2000-Test methods

26

Liquid oxidizing hair Dyes

1999/777( SASO)

10 days

776/1994-Test methods

27

Aerosols

1326/1997( SASO)

10 days

1327/1997-Test methods

28

Deodorants

1794/2000( SASO)

10 days

1795/2000-Test methods

29

Vaseline (petroleum cream)

1389/1998( SASO)

10 days

1388/1998-Test methods

Organic Tests Unit :

No. Product name ​Standard No. >Time Required for Testing

30

olive oil

283/1982 (SASO)

10 days

282/1982-testing methods

31

Corn oil

29/1989 (SASO)

10 days

32

Palm oil

397/1994 (SASO)

10 days

33

Soybean oil

398/1989 (SASO)

10 days

34

Sesame oil

399/1983 (SASO)

10 days

35

Oil chemical testing Methods

30/1984 (SASO)

36

Vegetable oils and fats

71/1977 (SASO)

10 days

37

Sunflower oil

546/1989 (SASO)

10 days

38

Peanut oil

547/ 1989 (SASO)

10 days

39

Vegetable oil mixture

1325/1997 (SASO)

10 days

40

Mustard oil

1260/1997 (SASO)

10 days

41

Black seed oil

1333/1997 (SASO)

10 days

42

CFC Compounds

554/1989 (SASO)

553/1989 – Testing methods

10 days

 

 Petroleum products unit :

No. Product name ​Standard No. Time Required for testing

43

Internal combustion engine oil

19/2006

Two days

44

Lubricating oils for gears

1530/1999

One day

45

Hydraulic oils

1525/2002

1999/1524

One day

46

Mineral paraffin essential oils

1526/2005

One day

47

Automatic Transmission Fluid

1728/2002

Two days

48

Gas and steam turbine oils

1781/2002

Two days

49

Lubricants for vacuum pumps air compressors

1729/2002

Two days

50

Recycling oils

1792/2000

Two days

51

Automotive brake fluids

404/1995

Ten days

52

Cooling oils

1775/2000

One day

53

Cutting oils

2059/2002

One day

54

Fuel oils

2045/2002

One day

55

Binary lubricants

1869/2001

Two days

56

Transformer oils

1366/1998

G 1494

Two days

57

Car greasing lubricants

1527/1999

Two days

58

White oil spirit

657/1994

G 478/2007

Three days

59

Diesel

844/1994

Two days

60

Gasoline

1951/2001

Three days

61

Kerosene

845/1994

478/2007 G

Three days

62

Engine cooling water

995/1995

Two days

63

Oil lubricating sprinkler and round systems

1732/2002

Two days

 

Pesticides unit :

No. Product name Standard No. ​Time Required for Testing

64

Public health pesticides

 CIPAC 1988

AOAC International 1996

2-5 hours

65

Estimation of pesticide residues

pesticide Analytical Manual 1994 vci .1 FDA

4-8 hours

 

Nutritional tests unit : 

No. Product name Standard No. Time Required for Testing

66

Soft drinks

100/1978

5-10 days

67

Honey

101/2008

5-10 days

68

Instant milk

1035/1998

5-10 days

69

Corn puffs

1036/1998

5-10 days

70

Flavored milk

1037/1998

5-10 days

71

Peanut Butter

1039/1998

5-10 days

72

Fruit syrup

1046/2010

5-10 days

73

Frozen shrimp

1067/1995

5-10 days

74

Meat and meat products

1069/1995

5-10 days

75

Canned green peas

111/1979

5-10 days

76

Frozen fish

1114/1995

5-10 days

77

Processed meats - sausage

1115/1998

5-10 days

78

Labneh

1117/2010

5-10 days

79

Cream

1138/1996

5-10 days

80

Processed cheese

131/1993

5-10 days

81

Date paste

2323/2005

82

Processed fish products

1145/1998

5-10 days

83

Fig paste

2323/2005

5-10 days

84

Date molasses

2344/2005

5-10 days

85

Camel milk

2661/2007

5-10 days

86

White sugar

277/2011

5-10 days

87

Fermented milk

281/1982

5-10 days

88

Food colors

285/1998

5-10 days

89

Chicken eggs

311/2006

3 days

90

Cocoa

375/1983

5-10 days

91

Pasteurized milk

40/1998

3 days

92

Milled rice

431/2006

5 days

93

Vinegar

451/2006

5-10 days

94

Corn flakes

512/1994

5-10 days

95

Hard candy

516/1994

5-10 days

96

Packed dates

543/2010

5 days

97

French fries

567/2000

5 days

98

Glucose syrup

603/1990

5-10 days

99

Frozen meatballs

1425/1998

5-10 days

100

Hot chili sauce

1466/1999

5-10 days

101

Biscuits

1543/1999

5-10 days

102

Peanuts

1566/1999

5-10 days

103

Natural caviar

1570/1999

5-10 days

104

Halva

159/2007

5-10 days

105

Minced chicken meat

1422/1998

5-10 days

106

Canned mackerel

161/1995

5-10 days

107

Frozen and refrigerated dough

1637/2000

5 days

108

Flavored yogurt

1642/2010

7 days

119

Bulgur

1905/2001

5-10 days

110

Jam, marmalades and jelly

193/ 1996

5-10 days

111

Tomato paste

196/1980

5-10 days

112

Spices and condiments mixture

2181/2003

5-10 days

113

Frozen squid

2216/2004

5-10 days

114

Canned fava beans

222/1981

5-10 days

115

Dry beans

1146/1998

5-10 days

116

Canned chickpeas

1147/1998

5-10 days

117

Semolina

1153/1998

5-10 days

118

Oatmeal flakes

1154/1998

5-10 days

119

Mixed fruit nectar

1156/1998

5-10 days

120

Instant drink powder

1158/1998

5 days

121

Cooled and frozen beef, buffalo, sheep, and goat meats

116/1993

5-10 days

122

Cake mixtures

1162/1998

5-10 days

123

Custard powder

1163/1998

5-10 days

124

Mixed Fruit Juice

1165/1998

5-10 days

125

Saffron

1166/1998

5-10 days

126

Frozen chicken

117/1998

5-10 days

127

burger meat

1261/1998

5-10 days

128

Instant coffee

1262/1998

5-10 days

129

Soft candy

1293/1997

5-10 days

130

Glucose

1294/1997

5-10 days

131

Refrigerated chicken

625/1994

5-8 days

 



Last modified 26 Nov 2019
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